Handball is a very interesting sport created by professor Karl Schelenz in the city of Berlin at the time of the First World War. Women were the first to play on outdoor fields whose size was 20mX40m. Over time, the men joined the games and spread the techniques across Europe. In 1936 the disputes were part of the Olympic Games.
In this article, we will talk about the importance of understanding and mastering all the spheres of handball in order to develop a high performance player. In addition, we will explain the main points that the handball player needs to improve. On the other hand, we will point out how you can help your athletes to become successful professionals!
Do you want to know more about the formation of handball players? Read on!
Understand the importance of the player dominating all spheres of handball
It is very important that players master all handball spheres in order to be able to perform high during matches. The formation of an excellent professional athlete requires dedication and constant training to develop skills. Professionals need to learn how to make the movements of the game, in addition to having a variety of indispensable attributes.
Among these attributes are motor skills, physical abilities and cognitive aspects for understanding the plays. Handball is a collective sport that presents several fundamentals, which are the practical basis of the game. Therefore, players need to obey pedagogical guidelines, principles and learning rules to increase the efficiency of movements.
Performance in this sport depends on the development of skills and the learning process of athletes. Each player may have a more specific skill that assists performance and determines their position or function within the court. However, the domain of other spheres is paramount.
Know the main points that the handball player needs to develop
The technical fundamentals are related to defense and attack, so that everything starts with the control of the body during defensive or offensive actions. The movement involves practice and balance for landings, jumps, displacements, changes of direction, sudden stops, quick exits, accurate pitches, among others.
The tactical aspects refer to the situations developed by the teams for defense and attack. There are several tactical systems whose nomenclatures represent the positions of athletes on the field. In the 6X0 defense system there are 6 players in front of the goal area. The 5X1 system places 5 players in the goalkeeper’s restricted area and 1 to recover the ball.
Teams are distributed according to the skills of the players of both teams. Athletes need to understand that without their teammates the game does not develop and that everyone needs to participate to achieve the goal of winning the match. The team will have to analyze the opposing players and capture information to establish strategies.
After putting the actions defined in group into practice, a new analysis is performed to verify the need for changes. Therefore, players must have an understanding of the target, the opponent, the teammates, the ball and their motor conditions. In addition, having physical conditioning for medium and long distance shots, free throws, passing the ball, marking, blocking etc.
The technical aspects are related to the players’ performance. The coach determines the level of actions, the execution of tactics and the efficiency of the team. It studies the gestures, the throws, the passes, the progression to the goal, the shot of seven meters, the 3 strides and analyzes the skills of the athletes. In this way he gets an understanding of the characteristics, needs and requirements to be made.
The objective of the game is to pass the ball with your hands to the others until the end of the play comes, with the goal being scored. On the other hand, players need to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals and, consequently, score points. There are 5 types of passes: the pendulum, in pronation, behind the head, behind the hip and shoulder.
The physical aspects concern agility, endurance, flexibility, strength and motor skills. All of them are relevant to the dribbling that helps to guide the ball into the opposing team’s area. It is worth noting that the ball cannot be carried with the foot and neither can the athlete run with it in his hands.
It is necessary to keep it under control, throwing it against the ground while making the dribble. There are 2 types of dribbling. One is for high-speed movement during counterattacks. The other, known as a low dribble, serves to protect the opponent’s ball.
The psychological aspects are related to the emotional reactions of the players. The physical education teacher assesses how athletes withstand tension, how they react when they lose a match, how they face opponents and whether they can maintain their motivation. The socialization of the group depends a lot on the cooperation and the attendance to a leadership.
Check out some tips to help you develop your handball players
To develop your handball players, the first step is to check the age of the team. In the case of children who are still in their infancy , it is necessary to be very calm and insist on the teachings so that they will follow them. As they are still developing their skills, they need to use techniques that facilitate learning. Here are some tips:
- make training fun;
- intercalate activities with exercises to increase agility;
- introduce group and individual activities. However, if your students are young, design training that favors the connection between them and direct them to learn the concepts of the game. In addition to testing the players’ skills, talk about the fundamentals of handball, as they can understand them. Introduce the game’s tactics, positions and functions so that they begin to apply the strategies.
Did you understand how to train a high performance handball player? This sport involves competitions between opposing teams, each containing 7 players who stand on the court. They will move around the field bouncing the ball, without taking more than 3 steps with it in hand. Try to improve yourself, take courses and get more information before you start teaching this sport.